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Sunday, December 4, 2016

To search for life on Jupiter’s moon will be sent two probes


The moon of Jupiter called Europe represents one of the most suitable for the origin of life the celestial bodies in the Solar system. To test whether the ice-ocean of Europe inhabited, earlier it was planned to send a probe called the Europa clipper, but now the U.S. Congress has promised to Fund a second mission to the satellite.


photo: ru.wikipedia.org

Europe size inferior to the moon, has an iron core, and its surface is covered with water ice. As three largest satellites of Jupiter (IO, Ganymede and Callisto), Europa was discovered by Galileo Galilei in January 1610 using his invented telescope with 20x magnification. After a very long time a lot of circumstantial evidence has allowed scientists to suggest that under the ice of Europe is potentially habitable liquid ocean.

As stated by Republican Congressman of the house of representatives John Culberson, funding for planetary programs of the American space Agency NASA , has been increased in order that it could in the foreseeable future to send to Europe not one but two of the research mission. Study of the satellite, the detection of life which could be one of the most striking discoveries in history, Culberson called one of the priorities of NASA.

In addition to the two American probes, to Europe in 2022 should go to a Russian-European spacecraft JUICE

Earlier modeling conducted by experts from the jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA in Pasadena, showed that the chances of finding life on Europa is very high, even if on this planet is no volcanic activity. According to experts, the collapsing core Europe on the one hand and the influence of solar wind on its surface on the other can ensure the optimum for the formation of life, the ratio of hydrogen and oxygen in the sub-ice ocean of a moon and make it similar to earth’s oceans as a chemical composition, and internal processes.

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