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Tuesday, December 6, 2016

Scientists have explained why people confuse the names of friends


Man often turns to his good friend, mistakenly giving his name to another friend, and sometimes even family, using the nickname of your beloved dog. A group of scientists from Duke University were able to figure out what is the nature of this phenomenon, and what patterns it traced.

Experts conducted a study, which was attended by over 1 700 people. As a result, they made sure of that people by mistake call others not as their real name, it does not use random names. The one to whom one turns, and one whose name he mistakenly calls must belong to the same “category” — friend, in all likelihood, will be named for another friend, and family member with the name of another family member.

The majority of the identified patterns were fairly predictable, and only one seemed really curious researchers. Some study participants said that at times, turning to close relatives, they use the dog’s name, and on cats and other Pets such did not apply. According to the researchers, the number of such reservations has been much higher than they expected. According to psychologists, this may indicate that people do often and almost without exaggeration the dogs full-fledged members of the family.

“I would just like to say that I have cats and I love them — reflects the study’s lead author Samantha Deffler, but our research shows that only between humans and dogs there is a really special connection.”

The researchers also noticed that people are more likely to substitute one name for another, if they were similar to each other: for example, began and ended the same way (as, for example, Michael and Mitchell) or have the same vowels, especially the shock (for example, John and Bob). At the same time, the fact of whether two people whose names are confusing, similar, did not play a role — parents often confuse the names of their children, even if they were of different age and sex. Not too important was the age wrong man — the students confused the names only slightly less of the older generation.

Their study, the scientists presented in the journal Memory and Cognition.

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