On Wednesday, Ukraine marks the first official Day of memory of victims of genocide of Crimean Tatars, forced relocation of which in Central Asia was started exactly 72 years ago. This story is extremely a lot of hypocrisy and political technologies at the same time in its centre is the real tragedy of an entire people. And on this day it is especially important to separate one from the other.
In 2006, the Verkhovna Rada declared a deliberate act of mass extermination on an ethnic basis to the Ukrainian people, the famine of 1932-1933. In order to recognize as genocide the deportation of Crimean Tatars, it took decades of independence and is known of the events of 2014.
Ten years and one step
“From the red army in 1941, he deserted more than 20 thousand Tatars”
“To establish in Ukraine 18 may-Day of memory of victims of genocide of Crimean Tatar people”, – stated in the decree of the Verkhovna Rada on 12 Nov 2015. “Ten long years have passed since the formation of the special Commission of Qurultay for study of genocide before the decision of the Ukrainian state”, – stressed in this regard the historian Gulnara Bekirova. Indeed, the Crimean Tatar Kurultai (an informal organization claiming representation of all the people and forming a recognized in Russia as extremist Majlis) in 2005 announced the deportation an act of genocide and has expressed its intention to seek official recognition of his position. As argued today by representatives of the Mejlis prohibited, at official level, this decision prevented Viktor Yanukovych. Which, we note, became President only in 2010. President Yushchenko in response to the appeal of the Kurultai in 2007, only ordered to establish a working group to finalize the draft law “On restoration of rights of persons deported on ethnic grounds”. And no mention of genocide.
Modern Rada resolution three points. The first is the recognition of the deportation as a genocide, the second – on the establishment of memorial day, and the third – and most voluminous – of recognition the current policy of Russia in modern Crimea “ethnocide of the Crimean Tatar people”.
About the motives of the adoption of this Ordinance is very frankly stated by the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (now Prime Minister) Vladimir Groisman. According to him, the decision of the Ukrainian Parliament is “the next step in the return annexed the Ukrainian territory”. That is, the Crimea.
Crimean deportation was three times convicted during the Soviet era. Nikita Khrushchev in his report to the twentieth Congress in 1956 stated: “the Egregious actions are initiated by Stalin and which constitute a grave violation of the basic Leninist principles of national policy of the Soviet state. We are talking about the mass deportations from their native places of whole Nations”. In 1967 he published the Decree of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet “On citizens of Tatar nationality who lived in Crimea”, which said: “the Sweeping charges against all the citizens of Tatar nationality who lived in Crimea should be withdrawn”. Finally, in November 1989 the Supreme Soviet of the USSR recognized the “practice of forced relocation of entire peoples, including the Crimean-Tatar, “a grave crime that violates the foundations of international nature, humanistic nature of the socialist system”.
After the reunification of the Crimea with Russia Vladimir Putin signed a decree on the rehabilitation of peoples affected by Stalin’s deportations in the Crimea. Characteristically, in all these documents, with the exception of the decree of 1967, it was about the “people” and not solely on the Crimean Tatars. It is extremely important in this regard, the full name of the decree of the President of the Russian Federation: “On measures to rehabilitate Armenian, Bulgarian, Greek, Crimean Tatar and German peoples and state support for their revival and development”.
Indeed, from the Crimea in 1944 during the mass deportations, according to the reports of the NKVD of the USSR, were deported 183 155 Tatars, 12, 422 Bulgarian, 15 040 Greeks, Armenians 9621, 1119 Germans, and 3652 person with foreign citizenship.
The Ukrainian authorities, in passing the law on recognition of genocide, forgot about whole Nations.
Stories and documents
The basis for recognition of the deportation of Crimean Tatars genocide are eyewitness accounts. So, allegedly, expelled from their homes people were given a few minutes to pack, and therefore they could not take with them even the basic necessities. The transportation of special settlers from Crimea to Central Asia was accompanied by a massive loss of life. On the road the deportees were deprived of medical care, they are badly fed, or not fed at all, not enough water, the dead were thrown from the wagons on the move on a railway embankment, not allowing to bury.
At the new location, people were literally in an open field, unprepared for life areas that again has resulted in numerous deaths from starvation and cold.
Documentary evidence of these stories do not have or have partial. So, according to the decree of the State defense Committee “Of the Crimean Tatars”, dated 11 may 1944, the order and conditions of eviction specified the following: “to allow the settlers to take with them personal items, clothing, household utensils, utensils and food products in the amount up to 500 pounds for a family”; “to allocate to each tier with special settlers, in time, in agreement with the NKVD, one physician and two nurses with the stock of medicines and provide medical and sanitary services of the special settlers in transit”; “to provide all trains with special settlers daily hot meals and boiling water”.
The resettlement of deportees were ordered “to produce in state farm settlements, existing collective farms, subsistence farms of enterprises and factory towns for use in agriculture and industry, while ensuring the granting arriving the infield and helping them in building houses with local materials”. The document also said: “to Oblige the Selkhozbank (Kravtsova) to give special settlers sent to the Uzbek SSR, in their places of settlement, a loan for construction of houses and for household furnishing up to 5,000 rubles per family, with installments up to seven years”; “to allocate available SNK Uzbek SSR flour, cereals and vegetables for the issuance of special settlers during the June – August this year, in equal monthly amounts, according to Appendix No. 2. The issuance of special settlers of flour, cereals and vegetables during June – August., to produce free, in the calculation for adopted them in areas of eviction of agricultural products and livestock”.
By the same order the people’s Commissariat of the USSR to supply the special settlers in transit were instructed to allocate products based 500 grams of bread a day per person, 70 grams of meat/fish, 60 grams of cereal, 10 grams of fat.
Soviet and Russian historian Viktor Zemskov, meticulously researched the period of Stalinist repression, claimed that from among the Crimean Tatars sent in may 1944 to the Uzbek SSR, in the path of the dead 191 people. According to him, the new place of residence of the deportees from the Crimea in 1945, the death rate exceeded the birth rate at 14.6% in 1946 – 5.2 times, in 1947 – 1.69. By 1949 already, the birth rate exceeds the death rate 1.69 times that of 1950 – 2.18 times.
“Efficient Tatars fully taken into account”
Grounds for eviction of the Crimean Tatars was a letter to Lavrenty Beria to Stalin on may 10, 1944. “Investigative and undercover way, – it was told in it, – as well as the statements of local residents found that a significant portion of the Tatar population of the Crimea actively collaborated with the Nazi occupiers and fought against the Soviets. From the red army in 1941, he deserted more than 20 thousand Tatars who treason, switched to the service of the Germans with weapons in hand fought against the red army”.
These data are confirmed in German documents. The help of the high command of German ground forces from March 20, 1942, said: “With a population of about 200,000 Tatars has provided our army of about 20,000 men. If you consider that approximately 10,000 people were drafted into the Red army, we can assume that all combat-ready Tatars fully taken into account”.
On shocking, tragic paradox of Russian history associated with the deportation of peoples during the great Patriotic war, drew the attention of scientist, publicist Sergey Kara-Murza: “Imagine that in 1944 was carried out an objective investigation in order to punish by martial law all those responsible for the individual… the Reality was that even in this case, most (or in a very large part) of families would have been executed man – husband, father, son… Practically, this would mean the extinction of the ethnic group, genocide.”
Mass deportation, the assignment of responsibility for collaboration on whole Nations officially declared a criminal and convicted. However, by genocide, they, of course, was not. Modern Ukrainian government turn the story using the tragedy of the Crimean Tatar people in their tactical interests, as not even hesitate to declare openly.
However, for what is happening in Ukrainian politics is nothing new. After all, announced in 2006, the Ukrainian genocide famine of 1932-1933 was raging on the territory of Belarus, North Caucasus, and the Volga region and southern Urals, and Western Siberia, and Northern Kazakhstan. Tragedy that cost the lives of millions of representatives of various Nations, served as an attempt to destroy the Ukrainian nation and is actively used in a purely political purposes.Related posts: