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Thursday, March 22, 2018

Iran, the Russian customs will open a “green corridor”

The budget for the first four months of 2016, has missed more than 300 billion rubles. On this amount, the Federal customs service (FCS) collected less payments compared to the same period last year. In search of extra money the customs officers are trying to expand the number of importing countries. In particular, to organize a simplified procedure for supply of food products from Iran.

photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

The fact that the volume of customs duties fall, is no longer a secret. In 2014, collected 7.1 trillion rubles, in 2015 – about 5 trillion. in this planned – 4.7 trillion. Such a negative trend customs officers explain the overall situation in the economy: a fall in imports by almost 40%, plus the so-called tax maneuver, associated with the reduction of export duties.

Just a couple of months ago the head of the FCS Andrei Belyaninov on total Board optimistically said that payments is going to schedule. However, as it turns out, this is not true. Custom for the first four months listed in the budget only 1.26 trillion rubles, which is almost 20% less than in the same period last year.

Not helped even the famous the February order of the FCS #280. In April 2016, the budget again lost more than 40 billion rubles in comparison with April of 2015.

As he wrote, “MK” referred to the order radically changed the rules of the game for the participants of foreign economic activity. According to him, now no imported goods not released for free circulation, if the declared price is suspiciously low and do not correspond to the customs risk management system. Importers were not prepared for the fact that on the border since the end of winter in large numbers are detained for inspection and price adjustment of a large consignment of foreign products. Thus, the head of Department Andrey Belyaninov trying to overcome gray schemes on evasion from payment of duties and VAT, as well as to increase fiscal revenue.

However, the Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov has criticized the order, saying that it has a huge number of complaints from the business community. The proposed measures could lead to higher consumer prices, especially for the products of import-dependent industries with a high component customs. For example, on smartphones, clothing, shoes, furniture, paper. According to estimates importers of these goods will rise by at least 5-7%.

In this regard, the President instructed the customs officials to prepare a roadmap to reduce the administrative burden on entrepreneurs. While its details are not disclosed.

In 2016, the main task for the customs together with the Federal tax service, Federal alcohol market regulatory service, Pension and other off-budget funds the creation of a unified mechanism for the collection of various payments. The system itself, involving the marking of imported goods, consolidated control of his movement from the border to the consumer, should earn next year.

In addition, with the development of information technologies, the integration of databases of various departments, reducing the number of regulatory agencies, should make a single window at the border by physical and legal persons.

Another way to increase the volume of payments will increase the number of importing countries. Andrei Belyaninov promised next week to personally go on a mission to Iran to discuss the question of the organization of customs “green channel”. Local businessmen are interested in the growth of the food supply in our country.

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