Russian Ministry of labor went back to discuss the idea of introducing so-called tax on spongers. However to hurry up with this ambiguous tax burden, Russia will not. For starters, it will examine the experience of neighboring Belarus, where just starting to collect tribute from the able-bodied citizens. The main objective of the tax – in the legalization of the labor market.
The Ministry of labor is discussing the possibility of introducing a tax for the working population, which officially did not work, RIA “Novosti” with reference to the state Secretary, Deputy Minister of labour Andrei Pudova.
However, the Ministry later clarified that the discussions focus only on the expert level in the context of a study of the implementation of such experience in the Republic of Belarus. However, the Agency does not conduct the development of any projects of normative legal acts on similar subjects.
This tax – one of the ideas for the legalization of the labor market, which is a priority for the work of Ministry today.
Now in Russia about 20 million people of working age, which are not paid social insurance payments, said earlier the Minister of labour and social protection Maxim Topilin. In this group are not included officially registered unemployed. To solve the issue with social responsibility of citizens and a burden on insurance funds necessary, said Topilin.
Russian economy suffers huge losses from unpaid taxes and insurance premiums. “Here and loss of work from illegal immigrants, and losses from evasion of Declaration of income and payroll. On average, they can estimate from 25% to 30% of the taxes collected,” says Diana, Makasan, head of legal Consulting Department Heads.
However, Russia has to begin with decided to look at the experience of Belarus, which since April last year introduced the so-called tax on parasitism. Able-bodied citizens residing on the territory of Belarus, but it is not working and not paying taxes more than six months, will annually pay a fee in the amount of 20 basic units (about $ 250). Non-payment or incomplete payment of the fee is punishable by fine or administrative arrest with obligatory community service.
To judge the success and effectiveness of such a decision is premature, since the effect of the decree “On the prevention of social dependency” begins with January 1 of this year, and to fulfill its obligations “dependents” have until 1 July 2016. At the same time in the Belarusian tax said that will process the incoming information and generates a list of the payers of the fee by August 1. And then it will be called the number of citizens who will be sent a notice to pay the filing fee.
Are exempt from paying this tax mothers of children under the age of 10 years, or older if child has not yet graduated from fourth grade. It is also said that it is planned to give local deputies right to exempt people from paying tax on profits, if they are in a difficult situation.
“The purpose of this tax is not to collect additional funds for the budget, but rather to bring out the shadow labor market and to bring it into line with international standards and norms. This is when the citizens understand that in order to have some social guarantees from the state, the person has to be within a particular legal field,” – said the Director of expert-analytical center of the Russian Academy of national economy Nikolai Kalmykov.
“I would not call it a tax on parasitism, it is correct to call it a collection since paying citizens who receive welfare, medical care and other support, but somehow have the audacity to work illegally. If people decorated according to the patent, by labor book or in any other way, then it is inside the legal field and is workers, from wages which are paid contributions,” explains the source.
On the one hand, Russia does have the so-called unemployed, who are the owners of expensive cars and real estate. On the other hand, there are highly trained specialists who really can’t find a job, and go sweep the streets of probation or a consultant-the seller does not want. To get them to pay the tax would be unfair. To protect these citizens from the tax, it is necessary to develop special mechanisms.
Last year when discussing the draft law on the introduction of this tax, it is proposed not to distribute it to students, seniors, mothers, those unemployed who have registered at the labor exchange. But to this tax is earned and equitable, it is necessary to improve the efficiency of employment services.
“Should review the rules of operation of employment services with the aim of establishing norms of conformity to the knowledge and skills of unemployed and offer him employment. Registration as unemployed should not act citizens who were not employed in jobs according to their education and skills”, – said Diana, Makelsan.
On the other hand, to fight the shadow economy and grey migrants and in other ways. After all this, and there are fiscal authorities. The introduction of such a tax, especially in times of crisis, when one way or another, a growing number of unemployed, may be socially dangerous.
The Ministry of labor, in practice, applies only while the administrative levers for legalization of the labour market. Due to the measures were made last year about 2 million of labor contracts, and in 2016 – more than 400 thousand, the official said. “This is the basis in order to develop measures of a legislative order” – summed up the Pounds.Related posts: