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Saturday, July 15, 2017

In Russia appeared the first factory farming ticks-killers

The cultivation of insect killers specialists in the Chelyabinsk region. On the basis of agro leadership has built the first factory for mass-rearing of predatory mites and beetles to fight plant pests.

photo: pixabay.com

First, Russian farmers purchased entomophagous insects and arachnids, which protects plants from pests and abroad, and it cost them a pretty penny. The new factory will allow us to meet the needs of farmers in the “bioweapons” to 50 percent, generating $ 150 billion individuals of different species of insects each year.

In the first stage, the specialists plan to plant 5 billion mites that eat other insects. By the end of this year, according to the Director of the Biofactory Irina Sergeeva, here is planned to be 1 billion of these spiders of the genus Amblyseius and Phytoseiulus. The first is a very small creature, no longer than one millimeter. They are used to combat thrips. In my entire life, which lasts only a month, and each tick consumes up to 240 pests and in addition their lays up to 35 eggs. Phytoseiulus during its short 25-day century, destroying up to 1,200 of spider mites.

– First of all we plan to release predators for pest control in greenhouses, ” explains Sergeev. – Cucumbers and tomatoes grow in this faster than under the open sky, but with them more active and grow up strong and pests. With the help of chemistry to deal with them, but it is not always appreciated by the consumer. Why in the world are the methods of biosorb with a specially divorced insects are considered more acceptable. We have already started experimental cultivation of the party and Amblyseius mites . Depending on the species, some bred in the greenhouse insectary lit, others dark racks in compliance with special temperature regime. Primarily for the removal of ticks will be launched in July 2016.

After breeding mites will be put on stream, experts plan to establish the production of a more numerous army of beetles with similar functions. For example, omnivorous bug Macropolus who lives 45 days, eats up to 5 thousands of thrips, aphids, spider mites and whiteflies.

Help “MK”. Market value bug Macropolus is 12 rubles apiece, for mites of the genus Amblyseius give just 20 cents.

Review researcher of the biological faculty of Moscow state University. Lomonosov, candidate of biological Sciences Vladimir KARTSEV:

Such methods of struggle is really much safer to humans than any chemical. Another plus to them does not occur addiction. Examples of when artificial breeding a large number of beneficial insects or mites leads to some unexpected consequences, are rare. So, in Europe and America was specially imported Asian ladybug changeable harmony (Harmonia axyridis). However, besides eating aphids — what to expect from her assistants, she began to survive the native species of ladybugs and, most sad, to eat the plants not worse than the same aphid. Currently it is widely spread throughout Europe and already is approaching the Central regions of Russia. However, predatory mites, I hope no harm will be done. In extreme cases they can become for some extra allergen.

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