The Ministry of foreign Affairs of Germany has posted on his official Twitter account a message with the wrong date of the end of world war II. “Seventy-one years ago today, ended the Second world war. Europe was in ruins,” reads a message posted may 8 on behalf of the chief Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The error is obvious. The second world war ended on 2 September 1945, when he signed the instrument of surrender of Japan. But Nazi Germany capitulated, indeed, finally surrendered on may 8 it. But CET. In Moscow it was already may 9. And since the Soviet Union has made a major contribution to the Victory over Nazism, this great holiday fair to celebrate this day of the year.
photo: Natalia Gubernatorova
It is considered that World war II began on 1 September 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. For us, this war, which in Russia is called great Patriotic war, began almost two years — on 22 June 1941 and ended may 9, 1945, when the leadership of the Wehrmacht signed the final surrender to the allies.
But there are a number of other opinions, when this war was waged and ended.
The China syndrome
In Beijing still believe that World war II actually began in 1937, when suddenly a militaristic Japan invaded China. Recall that only in the city of Nanking were slaughtered a few hundred thousand civilians. In General, the loss of the war between Japan and China in Beijing is estimated at more than 20 million of its citizens.
The Soviet Union then immediately supported China. To China were sent weapons and specialists. In particular, on the island of Formosa (now Taiwan), the Soviet pilots destroyed more than a hundred Japanese planes.
However, it is strange that Beijing insists on 1937. After all, Manchuria (northeast China) Tokyo occupied in 1931, and then from the area attacked the Soviet Union in the area of lake Khasan in 1938, and then in a friendly Mongolia in 1939. Both aggressive attacks were repulsed with enormous losses for the Japanese.
Ethiopians against Beijing
In Addis Ababa insist that the second World began in 1936, when fascist Italy attacked the then Abyssinia (modern Ethiopia). Freed this country from the Italians only five years later the British in 1941.
In 1936 in Spain came to power “the left” — the left-wing parties United in a popular front. However, several months later, General Francisco Franco began the rebellion against Madrid. It was supported at once by Nazi party Phalanx) and Moroccan mercenaries. But victory in the civil war in Spain in 1939 provided Adolf Hitler and Mussolini Benito, which was sent to the country his troops, which were estimated at about 200 thousand people.
The latter would have reached a fleeting victory, but they were prevented by international troops. Against the Nazis fought volunteers from around the world. Remember the Nobel prize in literature 1954 Ernest Hemingway.
It would seem — what is the connection between the civil war in Spain and the second world II in Europe? There is a connection. In the years 1936-39 in Spain directly faced the two strongest at the time of the world opposing camps — the Communists and the Nazis. The first had lost. But not for long.
“Kiev was bombed, we were told…”
For the whole Soviet people World war II, which we used to call the great Patriotic war began on 22 June 1941, when at precisely 4 a.m.” was dealt a treacherous blow to the Soviet cities. It brought Hitler some fruit — the Red Army lost millions of soldiers, and our country — millions of people.
Yet no less treacherous strike Japan struck at pearl Harbor — naval base in the United States in the Hawaiian Islands (it happened 7 December 1941, so the date WA binds to the beginning of World war II).
However, the Soviet Union broke Nazi “ridge” and won.
May 8, 1945 was signed the Act of unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. He established a truce in Germany against the fronts of the Second world war and obliged the German armed forces to cease resistance, the surrender of the personnel prisoner and the transfer of materiel to the enemy. It actually means the withdrawal of Germany from the war.
It is a historical fact. We celebrate Victory day later, on may 9. This is elementary due to the time difference between Berlin and Moscow.
However, he forgets about the militaristic Japan, which surrendered to the mercy of the victors, including the Soviet Union, only 2 September 1945.
Therefore, one may argue about the beginning of World war II. But her end was placed exactly on 2 September, not on may 8-9. But for all people of the world still remains sacred date of may 9, when he beat the worst enemy of mankind.Related posts: