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Wednesday, December 7, 2016

The Helsinki system may not live to see his fortieth birthday


19 Dec 2014, 14:49

Text: Anton Krylov

Printable version

Europe is preparing to celebrate the anniversary of the signing of the Helsinki accords, which were once a symbol of the inviolability of the outcome of the Second world war. After decades of American analysts have recognized – namely the United States first began to redraw post-war borders. Separatism in Europe is becoming a serious challenge. You want to set new rules of the game, the reason why could be the continued disintegration of Ukraine.

The Helsinki final act was signed at the Conference on security and cooperation in Europe August 1, 1975, and for over 15 years and provided the peace and tranquility in divided into two camps part of the world.

Few people know, as specified in the Helsinki final act, but about it a love to remember in connection with the “inviolability of borders” or “territorial integrity”. Like any international declarative document, it can be used in full accordance with the Russian saying “the law that pole”. Because, if you come to the Helsinki accords, formally, for the first time they were broken in 1990 during the unification of Germany, defeated in 1991, during the collapse of the Soviet Union, and finally destroyed during the bloody liquidation of Yugoslavia.

The Helsinki final act currently does not “guarantee peace in Europe”, a common anachronism, like the English laws on mandatory wearing of a sword on the exam.

And the sooner that opinion becomes the consensus, the faster you can begin to develop a new document that corresponds to the realities of the second decade of the twenty-first century.

This is nonsense

“Americans know that it (the accusation of Russia that she first began to redraw the boundaries of post-war Europe) is nonsense. The first example of changing the borders by force was Yugoslavia. And Kosovo was only the culmination of this process. And the United States directly involved in these events,” admits the head of the American analytical center Stratfor George Friedman.

“The main question now is, how and with whom to review the provisions of the act. 12 months ago nobody could have predicted the situation that has developed now. Obviously, after events in Ukraine, the subsequent steps of the West towards Russia is difficult to talk seriously about European security, which was guaranteed by the agreement signed in Helsinki forty years ago. Conversations a year ago were about the forthcoming 70th anniversary of the end of world war II, the creation of the UN and the 40th anniversary of the Helsinki conference. In Russia today it is obvious to many that the canons of European security, adopted then, it is time to reconsider, they don’t work. Unfortunately, the rest of the country is not yet ready to make such step”, – says member of the Duma Committee on CIS Affairs, Eurasian integration and relations with compatriots Vasily Likhachev.

In fact, the irrelevance and inefficiency of the Helsinki final act, we see not only Russia and the United States. In Europe, it is also well understood. Just adhere to the principle “do not Wake famously, until it quietly”. This is only looking from the outside it seems that in Europe all is quiet and calm. In fact claims have been, and are at all to all the territorial, economic, cultural, historical.

European officials, like the Russian Central Bank, prefer reactive, not proactive actions, reacting to what is happening, not creating scenarios.

But it’s dangerous in the first place for most of Europe.

The parade of sovereignties

The situation in Europe is changing quite unpredictable. In the same interview to “Kommersant” the head of Stratfor, Friedman says that he does not think the Ukrainian situation (where one part of the country seeking closer ties with the EU, while the other tends to Russia) something completely unique. The Ukrainian situation fits into the centrifugal tendencies that we have been seeing in Europe.

After all, until recently no one thought that the British-Scottish question seems to be settled 300 years ago, will again occur acutely. In other words: the Ukrainian crisis is connected with Russia, but not only. He is also associated with the processes in Europe, with the crisis of Europe itself”.

Indeed, Britain has succeeded with the stress of all the financial and propaganda resources to keep Scotland within the framework of a single country, but no one can predict how long that lasts. Spain applies all the measures except the military, to limit the sovereignty of Catalonia – and it seems that her strength is running out. And the EU capital of Brussels is in Belgium, where centrifugal tendencies to slow down temporarily, but the process of disintegration of the country can be run at any time due to minor, to the untrained eye, the deteriorating economic situation.

And again, it would be a big mistake to think that European officials believe a word of Ukrainian leaders who keeps talking about Russian intervention in the Donbass. They, like Friedman, everyone understands, just now they like, by the way, to us, it is better to talk about the territorial integrity of Ukraine as the main European values.

But the reality of the Ukrainian events does not depend on what they think in Brussels, Moscow, and especially in Kiev.

The increasingly inevitable collapse of Ukraine may become the reason, which is lacking, and the EU and Russia in order to get back to the negotiating table and to negotiate new rules of the game.

Point of contact

And again, back to interview Friedman. According to American, the main goal of his country is not to give any power to amass too much power in Europe. First, the United States sought to prevent Germany to dominate Europe, then let the strengthening of Soviet influence… now they are blocking a number of potential regional hegemons”.

That is why, incidentally, the United States supports Poland and the Baltic States – they create an alternative to the “old” EU members, with their incomparably more powerful economies and a claim to regional hegemony.

Getting rid of excessive US influence in Europe is a common interest of all European powers (with the exception that the same Poland and the Baltic States, and the is profitable only tactically, not strategically). But, as Friedman notes, the European army is too weak, in the event of a direct military conflict against Russia.

A classical diagram of snakes and turtles – Russia is forced to arm due to the approximation of American weapons to its borders, and Europe is forced to call the Americans out of fear of Russia.

Therefore, the first and basic point of a new European order should be the restoration of trust. Destroyed note, not Russia, but NATO’s actions in Yugoslavia. A total ban on the use of armed forces in Europe should not have any exceptions, like “democratic community” would like to convey its values to another “dictator”.

And only by restoring the trust (which will be extremely difficult), you can move on to the second point – getting rid of American hegemony. Planet – large, and the United States will always find, where else would pozaschischat their vast interests. And old Europe – she’ll figure it out myself. The rejection of the involvement of third parties to resolve intra-European issues should also not have any exceptions.

Finally, the third cornerstone of a new security – refusal to support anti-constitutional activities in foreign countries, no matter how warmed our souls Holy fight Scotland and Catalonia for independence and no matter how wanted anywhere in Europe to trade oil directly with independent Yugra.

Each state in the measure of understanding itself deal with their separatists, without foreign aid or resistance. Domestic policy and therefore called the inner that nobody on the outside – and again there should be absolutely no exceptions.

Trust. The rejection of the involvement of outside forces. Non-interference in internal Affairs. These are the three pillars on which to build a new European security. And most importantly – the absence of any “unique situation” that caused the transformation of the Helsinki act in an anachronism.

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