In one day in Brazil arrested the former President Lula da Silva and brought to justice the speaker of Parliament. Shaking the country a corruption scandal aimed at incumbent President Dilma Rousseff. In the political struggle in this largest Latin American country visible and external interests: the U.S. is interested in the failure of Brazil on orientation on China and Russia.
This year Brazil will host the first ever South American Olympics, but in recent months she gets to the top of world news not news about preparing for a major sporting event. One and a half years in the country spins the biggest scandal involving corruption in the state oil company Petrobras. The corruption investigation became the instrument of a power struggle – or rather, for the deprivation of power of the workers ‘ Party, the left, which ruled the country the last 13 years.
“The arrest of former President Lula should be considered as preparation for elections in 2018”
On Friday, the leader of the party, the former President and most popular politician of the country, Lula da Silva was detained by the police in the investigation of corruption in the company “Petrobras”.
I suspect that the construction company that received contracts from “Petrobras”, could help in the construction of ranch and an apartment on the coast for 70-year-old Lula. Thus last autumn, the parliamentary Committee found no evidence linking Lula to corruption, just as not confirmed and it is suspected that his successor, current President Dilma Rousseff.
However, against Rousseff in December commenced the process of impeachment, not because of suspicions of corruption, but because of alleged irregularities in the allocation of budgetary resources. The procedure itself was begun with the violation and a few days later the Supreme court suspended its consideration in Parliament. And on March 4, the day of the arrest Lula, sun was allowed to bring charges against the initiator of the impeachment, the speaker of the lower house of Parliament Eduardo Cunha.
But this is not a trivial revenge of the authorities to the opposition Cunha himself was involved in corruption schemes related to the same “Petrobras”. Moreover, unlike Lula and Rousseff, have more than strong suspicions – he is accused of obtaining $ 5 million in bribes from 2006 to 2012. And he may lose his seat even before sentencing. It turned out that during the hearings he lied, claiming that he had no Bank accounts in other countries, then Swiss investigators found the accounts of Mustelids.
The fact that almost all Brazilian top anyway mentioned in connection with the scandal around the largest state-owned companies, not surprisingly, is corruption in Brazil, traditional, and all got used to it. Another thing is that just during the reign of Lula began serious reforms in moving from an oligarchic state to a social. This comes from the lower classes of Brazilian society after coming to power has made the adoption of strong social programs while also ensuring the growth of the national economy.
In 2011 ended the second term of Lula, and the President became his ally of Rousseff, who held, among other things, and as head of the Board of Directors of “Petrobras”. During the reign of Rousseff and the police began to investigate corruption in state-owned companies. Last year, sun gave permission to conduct investigative actions in respect of 48 current and former members of Congress, including former President Fernando Color de Melo. In 1992 he was subjected to impeachment for corruption, but later the charges were dropped and he was able to return to politics and will now be a new trial.
He was then arrested and a former Treasurer of the workers ‘ Party. General theft in the “Petrobras” are estimated at billions of dollars. Itself a corruption scheme is simple: top managers inflated the estimate of the contracts, after which he received from construction companies three per cent rollback and shared them with officials and MPs. The money went in the pockets of politicians and into the black cash register political parties.
Already arrested hundreds of politicians and businessmen, but also to Lula and Rousseff say they were not aware of the theft. Investigation vs. Lula was started last summer, but decided to arrest him just now. Although the opposition and said that Rousseff is trying to sacrifice the former President in order to save themselves, in reality it is not.
The attempted impeachment of Rousseff fought off, and a small probability that the opposition will be able to collect two thirds of votes, and Lula always expressed their support. In 2018 there will be new elections, in which Rousseff will not be able to move, and more popular Lula has the right to participate. A few months ago, he has already stated that, although would like to see ran by someone else, but might change his mind: “if I have to run to avoid the loss of social gains achieved over the years, I’ll do it.”
It is clear that for the opposition to discredit the Lula and Rouseff is the most important task. The last presidential elections in autumn 2014, when the scandal with the “Petrobras” just flared up, and the PT won only in the second round with a slight advantage. By 2018, the opposition should represent the labor Party in the most negative light, to prevent the election of its candidate for President. Therefore, the arrest of Lula, even if soon it will be released or acquitted, should be considered as part of the campaign.
Another thing is that the opposition will not be able to portray himself innocent of corruption charges. Appear in scandal MPs of almost all parties, besides Brazilians themselves know well that the system of kickbacks not arise under the workers ‘ Party. But a serious social conquest appeared in the years of her reign. As strong growth of the Brazilian economy and the strengthening of the country’s authority in the world.
When left Brazil became part of the BRICS, began active rapprochement with China have improved and the Russian-Brazilian relations. Brazil for a long time, ever since the Second world war, wanted to become global, but only starting to coordinate with independent centers of power, such as China and Russia, and acting as moderator for the left turn in Latin America, she’s got a real chance to gain a foothold in the future of the great powers. In particular this can be observed in the obtaining status of permanent member of the UN Security Council.
It is clear that the country has many internal problems, which has recently been added and the economic crisis, but it has huge potential for growth. Federal structure with the traditionally very strong regional elites greatly hindered the ambitious plans of the left, and the current political struggle can be considered as a manifestation of contradictions between unitarists and the Federalists. But more importantly, it is closely watched not only throughout Latin America but in the United States. The defeat of the left in Brazil will be a bad sign for all focused on national autonomy and the welfare state forces on the continent.
Washington has neither the penetration of China in Latin America, or an independent Latin American integration, which is impossible without Brazil. And although Brazil has never been “banana Republic”, that is, a semi-colony of the US, for the Americans will be enough to plunge the country in domestic political conflicts and thus undermine its foreign policy activity.
With geopolitics closed and the purely economic interests of supranational corporations, because the left is carried out protectionist policies. Brazilian political scientist, Professor Moniz Bandeira, working at Heidelberg, believes that the attempted impeachment of Rousseff and are American interests:
“I believe that foreign interests, largely wall Street, conducted by other organizations such as the national endowment for democracy, USAID and others, they give impetus to this revolution, together with the internal forces of the Brazilian right… They want to break the Brazilian economy and buy a company, as it is done now, for a song, so strong devaluation of the real… the Goal is to destroy major Brazilian companies, construction giants, which are the factors of global economic expansion of Brazil, and to open the Brazilian market to American multinationals”.
The Bandeira sure that the U.S. continues to spy on Rousseff. Three years ago, the scandal caused by Snowden published information, led to the cancellation of the visit of Brazilian President to the United States and the cooling of the complex relations between the two countries. The analyst said that Washington cannot pull off a military coup, because the armed forces are against national-oriented and are, therefore, committed to a civilian coup, that is, to the impeachment.Related posts: