Today, April 12, Russia celebrates cosmonautics Day, and all over the world — the UN established the international day of human flight into space. On this day 55 years ago, Yuri Gagarin became the first man in history, appeared in the open space.
Photo: youtube.con / TV Studio of Roscosmos
Soviet spacecraft “Vostok-1” with Yuri Gagarin on Board was launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome April 12, 1961 at 09:07 Moscow time. Flight in earth orbit lasted 108 minutes and ended with a successful landing in the Saratov region.
Yuri Gagarin was one of twenty pilots jet fighter aircraft, claimed to be the first man in space. Among the requirements, which answered the main contenders were quick reaction, good physical preparation, age from 25 to 30 years, height not more than 170 cm, and weight not more than 72 kilograms — the last two requirements were due to the size of spacecraft “Vostok” and the same power booster. Ultimately, the choice was given to Yuri Gagarin.
In an effort to organize the first flight of man into space as quickly as possible, the designers have abandoned some elements of the spacecraft, designed to provide additional safety for the astronaut, including the emergency rescue system at the start, the soft landing system of the ship and duplicate the braking system. Fortunately, the flight went according to plan, except that due to a failure in the braking system the vehicle has landed, not where originally planned.
To mark April 12 as a national holiday was proposed by German Titov, the second cosmonaut and Gagarin’s understudy. The Central Committee of the CPSU adopted a proposal for the celebration of cosmonautics Day, which astronaut was applied March 26, 1962. The international day of human flight into space, in turn, was established by the decision of the 65th session of the UN General Assembly, the resolution was adopted on 7 April 2011.
Today page on the Internet search engine “Yandex” has been decorated in honor of the holiday.
According to a survey conducted by VTSIOM on the eve of the holiday, the majority of Russians would not want to reduce funding for space programs and I hope that Russia will become the first country that built a base on the moon, and that the Russian astronauts first landed on Mars.
Russian cosmonauts aboard the ISS congratulated the Russians on holiday. April 12, 1961 in space first human being, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. A video message recorded by cosmonauts Yuri Malenchenko, Ovchinin Alexei and Oleg skripochka. Video published on the website Youtube.com user ROSCOSMOS Media Store.Related posts: