Scientists have discovered a natural process, the reverse of photosynthesis in which the energy of sunlight is not converted into energy of chemical bonds of organic substances. Using sunlight and a special enzyme plant biomass is decomposed, resulting in formation of chemical substances that are used as biofuel. The work was published in the journal Nature Communication, and briefly about it reports the RNS.
“We use the term “reverse photosynthesis”, because the enzymes use atmospheric oxygen and sunlight for decomposition and transformation of carbon bonds,” say the authors. Scientists suggest that the reverse photosynthesis is used not only by plants but also by fungi and bacteria to gain access to sugars and nutrients.
“The discovery means that using the Sun, we can produce biofuels and biochemicals, for example, plastic, is much faster at lower temperatures and with increased efficiency. For example, some reactions requiring at the moment 24 hours, using solar energy will be delivered in 10 minutes,” said one of the authors David Cannella.
In the long term return can be used photosynthesis to break the chemical bonds of carbon with hydrogen, which can be used to convert the main source of biogas methane to methanol.Related posts: