The victory of opposition candidate on elections of the President of Argentina put an end to the era of Cristina Kirchner. Her opponent, Mauricio Macri considered a Pro-Western politician and well-known criticism of the predecessor programs. However, experts do not predict the deterioration of relations Argentina and Russia, stressing that Moscow, along with Beijing, is one of the most important partners of the country.
On the last Sunday in Argentina’s presidential election was won by the opposition candidate, mayor 56-year-old Mauricio Macri, promised to undertake the business reforms for investment in the economy. Exulting to his supporters on stage in Buenos Aires, Macri danced to Latin rhythms, and then thanked all for their support. “This is the beginning of a new era that will lead us to new opportunities, is necessary in order to grow and develop” – quoted Reuters the Makri.
The dance of victory
“Washington doesn’t like close relationships Argentines with Russia and China. Moreover, Americans don’t like what Argentina seeks to join the BRICS”
“Dancing on stage Mauricio Macri was like a grandfather trapped in an awkward position at the wedding, but he didn’t care – he defeated the party that had dominated Argentine politics. A few months ago no one could have foreseen anything like this,” said observed the election to the correspondent bi-Bi-si.
Supporters of Macri on Sunday evening gathered in the center of Buenos Aires to celebrate the victory of their candidate. The main competitor of Makri – candidate from the ruling party, the Governor of the province of Buenos Aires Daniel Scioli is already acknowledged defeat. According to The New York Times, the results of counting 99% of ballots from precincts Makri, who gained fame even before the mayor’s post as President of popular football club “Boca juniors”, was in the lead with the result at 51.4% of the vote. Scioli scored with 48.5%.
The turnout, according to preliminary data, 78%. The gap between the candidates was small – only about 3%. “Daniel Scioli has been personally selected Cristina fernández de Kirchner, but he has neither her charisma nor her support among the working class who usually vote for the Peronist,” added bi-Bi-si.
Decisive in the second round of the elections was the vote in the capital, where Makri won a convincing victory over Scioli, who mostly voted provincial voters, said the experts. According to the authors Reuters, Makri led to the victory “fatigue Argentines from choking the economy, the growth of crime and corruption.”
“The defeat Scioli, obviously, was an act of the prosecution policy of the Kirchner and the state of economy during its rule,” added The New York Times.
Thus, in Argentina brought to an end the 12-year rule of lesoproduktsii party “Front for victory”, and Makri became President with the most liberal economic views in Argentina since the 1990s, said bi-Bi-si. His win is surprising, as in the first round of voting, he lost to Scioli. He, however, did not gain the required 50% of votes, for the first time in the history of the country held the second round of elections. Former President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner could not run, as he has already served in his post for two terms.
“Russia is a friend of Argentina”
Deputy Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Ryabkov expressed hope that the relations of Argentina with Russia will not change: “in recent years, We have achieved a lot in developing relations with Argentina. President Cristina fernández de Kirchner, her government has shown very solid and consistent commitment to the ongoing development of relations with Russia, – he reminded. – We certainly welcome that, satisfied with how diversified our relationship, how strong and sustainable economic Foundation. There are large reserves for the future”.
Ryabkov stressed that “regardless of who will be the winner in the second round, it will be the candidate from the government or from the opposition, we expect that all of these ideas and results will be demanded”: “Russia is a friend of Argentina, a country that has consistently supported Argentine priorities in the international arena”. According to the Russian Deputy Minister, “this is not a mere statement, but a very specific case.” “Known for a very clear and logical stance on the issue of the Malvinas Islands. This is an important topic for Buenos Aires, it is important for everyone – for the present leadership, for the party headed by de Kirchner and the opposition forces.”
“I am confident that our relations will be further developed, – said Ryabkov. – We are ready for this and will make an effort to comprehensive strategic partnership is the term agreed between presidents Vladimir Putin and Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner – was embodied and further in specific cases and in new arrangements and solutions.”
Known as an opponent of Maduro
Makri is known as an ardent opponent of Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro, he also sharply criticized the policies of Hugo Chavez. Makri has already promised to “shake up” the country at the regional level, saying he would insist on “exile” of Venezuela of the South American trade block known as MERCOSUR, due to the fact that the leaders of the Venezuelan opposition if Maduro were imprisoned. According to experts, this could have a huge geopolitical significance to the continent, where many countries, including neighbors Argentina, Chile, Brazil and Bolivia, with leftist democratic governments, maintain close ties with Caracas.
Hailing from one of the richest families of the country, and later the head of the most important cities of Argentina, the Macri showed as a clear technocrat. During the campaign he advocated extensive reforms promised to give impetus to the “sagging economy” of the country. In addition, he promised to achieve the country’s “zero poverty” and “listen more and talk less.”
Scioli, in turn, said that the victory Makri returns 41 million Argentina to the period of market-oriented policies of the 1990-ies, which, according to many Argentines, laid the groundwork for the deep financial crisis of 2001-2002. Experts predict that in the case of execution Makri its promises in terms of financial policy and its fight against black market currency in the country in the near future there will be a sharp devaluation of the Argentine peso.
Will rule of a privileged few
Without having the right to run for a third consecutive term, Kirchner will leave office leaving Argentina deeply fragmented between those who support its policy of protectionism and protect the rights of workers, and those who accuses her of weak economic growth in the country, noted The New York Times. “Christina has divided the country, and laid it mentally. (Makri) at least, something new, something fresh,” – said the publication of a 67-year-old immigrant from Georgia Dmitry Javakishvili working the door.
However, not all share his sentiments, said the journalists. The streets of Buenos Aires had already filled graffiti and posters denouncing him and expressing support Scioli, making the emphasis on a balanced approach, in which expenditures on the social sector must be stable, despite inflation and a shrinking private investment. Some posters say that Makri will rule for a privileged minority. It is known that he has no plans to return the popular in the Kirchner presidency of social programs, like cash subsidies for poor families and “Soccer for all” (government initiative of abolishing the fee for live football matches).
In his victory speech, Macri has almost nothing to say about the reforms, which it will be difficult to carry out. While most white supporters Makri from the middle class hope for a more liberal, more open economic climate in the country, representatives of the working class, swished flags at a rally of the Peronist party, want all the talk about reforms of the social security system and reducing government spending and remained the talk, said bi-Bi-si. In addition, Makri may face difficulties when the political movement Kirchner will become the opposition, because she planned to remain politically active after his resignation from the post of President, said The New York Times. Known for its commitment to policy, with emphasis on assistance to low-income families, Kirchner, may run for President in 2019, reminded the publication.
The Argentine economy is the third largest in Latin America – currently is stagnating, inflation is about 30%, in a country rife with corruption. In addition, the Argentine authorities still have not addressed the lawsuit with a group of American creditors about restructuring debt after the 2001 default.
The end of an era
“The victory of opposition candidate had been expected, – considers the Deputy Director of the Institute of Latin America of Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Sudarev. – The previous era ended. And ended it in a situation where Argentina was in a very difficult economic and geopolitical situation,” he said in an interview with the newspaper LOOK.
Sudarev recalled that the country was virtually isolated from all those intensive integration processes, which were in the world. “In particular, from the Association of the Pacific community and so on. Argentina did not succeed with Brazil, the overall motive of the southern cone also went down, nothing worked in terms of creating zones of the General trade with Europe,” he added.
The policy change relative to the partner countries Argentina – Russia and China – unlikely, he said and recalled that China is the second biggest trade partner of Argentina. “I don’t think that Makri will make any decisive steps to eliminate or reduce relations both with China and with Russia. They are reduced, but nevertheless it is one of the major economic partners,” he recalled.
Thus, the expert does not expect the new President any sudden decisions. “He’s quite intelligent. Maybe there will be some post-election statements, but all the contacts one has and with Argentina and with Brazil will remain”, – said Sudarev.
“The US is not like Argentina is committed in the BRICS”
A specialist in Latin America, chief editor of the magazine “Latin America” RAS Vladimir Travkin said in comments the newspaper VIEW that the relations of Argentina with the United States after the presidential election will improve.
“Mauricio Macri is a prominent politician in Argentina, he is from a noble and wealthy family. He was the mayor of the largest city in the country. It is remarkable that he won by a very slim margin. His whole election campaign was based on the fact that he harshly criticized the economic policies of the Kirchner government. He believes that it is the policy of the Kirchner drove Argentina into an economic crisis. In Buenos Aires there are indeed serious problems, including major international economic organizations”, – said Lieutenant.
The source said that Cristina Kirchner had some success, but there are unhappy with her policy. “International economic institutions tried to force Argentina to act as their puppet. The election results showed that Argentina split 50-50. The U.S. harshly criticized Argentina for its independent policy. Washington doesn’t like close relationships Argentines with Russia and China. Moreover, Americans don’t like what Argentina seeks to join the BRICS, where the leaders are Moscow and Beijing”, – said the expert.
“The new President generally Pro-Western policies. For example, it does not like the President of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro and his hard-line approach. He insists that Caracas was expelled from integration Association southern countries of Latin America – MERCOSUR. Most likely, Argentina will be closer to the United States. But despite this, I am sure that our relations with Argentina will not deteriorate. Russia and Argentina have many common interests”, – concluded the expert.
Vladimir Travkin noted that economic relations between Moscow and Buenos Aires are developing rapidly. “We buy from Argentina a lot of products and food. Argentines are buying energy products and equipment: for them it is very important. In addition, we are developing military-technical cooperation. In General, our relations are mutually beneficial and are at a high level”, – summed up the interlocutor. The expert predicts that a major transformation of relations between Moscow and Buenos Aires will not happen.Related posts: