Assessing long ago lobbied and finally signed agreement between Turkey and the EU on the refugee problem, the European media a rare unanimous: Erdogan pressed on the sore spot of Europe and has managed to achieve, however the problem is unlikely to help. Worse, the obstinacy of Merkel actually brought the EU to gross violations of international law.
Slovenia is almost completely blocked its border for illegal migrants. Now let in the country will be only those who is really in a desperate situation and with a plan to seek asylum directly from the Slovenian authorities. Thus, one of the main transit routes from the Middle East to the EU is closed. Immediately after this statement Serbia announced that it had closed its border with Macedonia and Bulgaria to anyone who does not have visas or other documents authorizing stay in the country.
“What do you think, did the Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu with the tea and kittens, when he arrived in Brussels to haggle?”
The actions of Slovenia and Serbia actually became the answer on accepted in the night of 9 March, a preliminary agreement between the authorities of the European Union and Ankara. According to the add, it is envisaged the return of all new illegal migrants sailing from Turkey to the Greek Islands, the acceleration of the plan of visa liberalization between the EU and Turkey, accelerated the allocation of the Turks 3 billion euros and additional funding mechanism for assistance to refugees in Syria, preparations for the opening of new chapters in the negotiations on Turkey’s accession to the EU, the establishment in Syria of the areas that will be safer, and, finally, the resettlement of Syrian refugees on the basis of one for one. This principle means that in exchange for each returned illegal refugee Ankara will have the opportunity to send to Europe one legitimate.
Thus, no reason to keep refugees in Turkey no. Because the more illegals will reach Europe and will be brought back, to those from a larger number of migrants will be able to rid herself of Ankara.
The reaction of the European media on the arrangements surprisingly simultaneous and unanimous – the majority assesses their extremely skeptical, regardless of nationality and editorial policy.
Another clash between the police and the refugees took place on the border of Greece and Macedonia. Hundreds of migrants started breaking the fence, preventing their passage on Macedonian territory. The police had to use force to disperse the angry crowd. Refugees did not stop there: they blocked the railway track passing through the neutral zone, and began to throw in policemen stones”the Authoritarian President of Turkey has proven an unreliable partner and is problematic since, as the outbreak of the Syrian crisis. But the urgent need of Europe to aid him at the moment outweighs the bad premonitions”, – stated in the material The Guardian liberal.
The conservative Austrian newspaper Die Presse notes: “it Was a mistake Angela Merkel to bet exclusively on Turkey. President Erdogan formed the opinion that he is now (almost) everything is allowed. The Europeans were silent and afraid to utter a word”.
The Polish left-liberal Gazeta Wyborcza, in contrast, believes that Ankara’s role for Europe is significantly beyond the scope of the current immigration crisis, because Turkey could “to save the Schengen zone from collapse, to stop the populist, using the fears of immigrants for their own purposes, to restore faith in the EU”. But immediately asks: “if the price is too high? Does the agreement with Erdogan betrayal of ourselves?”
In turn, the Financial Times calls the five major challenges to the implementation of the agreements: the doubtful legal grounds for the return of refugees, the possibility of sharp opposition in some EU countries, the formula of exchange of refugees one-on-one, the complexity in the implementation of the plan, not too much optimism of some members of the EU about visa-free entry for 75 million Turks and complexity in implementation by Ankara of a number of theoretical requirements for receiving any future EU membership.
Liberal Czech newspaper Hospodarske noviny warns: “Even if the parties come to an agreement that Turkey will assume the obligation to care for the greatest possible number of refugees and to fight against illegal migration, still need to see what will not just stand there on paper, but are really implemented”. Czech journalists, apparently, mean that even in the fall Turkey promised the EU to take action against smugglers, illegal carrying of people to the Greek Islands, but the real action did not follow.
Conservative French newspaper Le Figaro notes that “20 months of the Declaration of his own principles, and direct text announced an invitation to the hundreds of thousands of migrants, disabled solutions, political failures, hastily erected barriers”, in fact, was a fiasco. And the main lesson of this fiasco – “the influence of Germany is evident especially when it is moving in the wrong direction, and its partners – above all France – are too weak to her senses”.
“The sign was that before the meeting in Brussels, Merkel is not pressed defiantly to his chest any refugee or migrant who now kill their time, examining on the part of the border fence between Greece and Macedonia, or peacefully marching from Athens further North” – ironically the conservative Hungarian newspaper Magyar Nemzet.
“Europe turned out to be Erdogan on a leash” – sums up the “German wave”. And British The Telegraph compares the talks to buy Turkish carpet:
“The seller wring price. The client shakes his head and leaves. Then he catches up to her, smiles and tries to assure that offer a very good price. Then he sits down with her tea and offers to admire the perfection of the carpet. After that, the client, gathering the remnants of willpower, trying to leave the store, promising the seller that you will think and come back… Until the client has not yet left the store, the seller does not give up: he starts to develop other carpets, grunting and grimacing, or resorted to the last means – kittens. You end up standing next to 19 are the same carpets with a kitten in one hand, tea in another, helpless and unable to say no, and this is what Turku from you. And in the end, with the delivery in the customer’s country, he sells this carpet is exactly the price that was called at the beginning. What do you think, did the Prime Minister of Turkey Ahmet Davutoglu with the tea and kittens, when he arrived in Brussels to haggle over migration deals with the European Union?” – asks the author.
“Angel, pull yourself together! The German Chancellor is seriously considering an option to provide the Turks with six billion euros, twice more than Turkey offered initially. I, as a master to trade with sellers of carpets in Turkey have a tip for Merkel: put aside the kitten, and set aside for tea, return to the hotel and take a cold shower” – quoted material, RIA “Novosti”.
But perhaps most importantly in the agreements is not that they are meaningless, can be costly for the EU and for various reasons don’t like European journalists. Importantly they are contrary to international law.
“Collective deportations are forbidden by the European Convention on human rights”, – said the head of the office of the UN high Commissioner for refugees (UNHCR) in Europe, Vincent Cochetel. “Migrants can be sent only to those countries where they can apply for asylum and have access to education, health care and the possibility of finding work. Turkey provides the majority of migrants only temporary protection, however, they are not entitled to file an asylum application,” said UN high Commissioner Filippo Grandi.
Russian media in the West is often accused of injecting the issue of refugees, complaining of “propaganda” and declaring that in reality the problem is not so serious. But obviously meaningless measures (such as the principle of “one for one” and highlight Turkey billions of euros without any obligation), especially the violation of the EU’s own legislation and international legal acts, can only be attributed to one thing – desperation. Angela Merkel and other European leaders not know what to do with the refugees, and, like a drowning man, grasping at any straw.
However, cases where a straw has really helped at least one drowning person, in the history of the world is not fixed yet.Related posts: