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Monday, December 11, 2017

The U.S. saw the Russian threat in the Caribbean


The US has suspected Russia of attempts to establish its influence in South America, displacing Washington. Russia is getting closer to the borders of States, try to scare the American military. Flag waving “Russian threat” has long been a trend in the Washington offices. But the theme of Russia’s influence in the Caribbean is really disturbing US is not a joke.

The Pentagon has described Russia as the main threat to U.S. interests in Latin America, in particular in the Caribbean area: “Global competitors. They act intentionally in the Western hemisphere that is part of their larger global strategy. The greatest concern among them, causing Russia that depicts US in our theater of operations as unreliable (country), leaving out this critical region”, – said the head of the southern command of the U.S. armed forces Admiral Kurt of Tidd. It is in his sphere of responsibility includes the region of the Caribbean, and South and Central America.

“The more threat, the more funding of military programs. Usually they talk about the Russian threat, when the funding must increase”

Tiddo was echoed by the head of the Northern command of the US forces and Command aerospace defense North America (NORAD) Admiral William Gortney, according to which Russia occupies first place in the ranking of the most formidable U.S. countries. “The most dangerous threat (to the US) come from Russia, China, North Korea and Iran,” he said at a hearing in the Senate Committee on the armed forces.

“To remove Russians from Lourdes”

The theme of the Russian presence in close to countries the US played in the United States and in the electoral debates. Thus, the presidential candidate of the Republican party Marco Rubio said that for normalization of relations with Washington, Cuba should refuse to cooperate with Russia. “I know what a good agreement with Cuba: Cuba has free elections, stops putting people in jail for free expression, Cuba has a free press, Cuba expels Russians from Lourdes”, – said the politician, who is quoted by RIA “Novosti”. He also added that Cuba must break off relations with China and North Korea.

We will remind, earlier in the Havana suburb of Lourdes housed a Soviet radar station deployed there after the “Caribbean crisis” in 1967. In 2002 it was closed, while plans for its restoration no.

“Cuban missile crisis” broke out during the cold war in 1962 and became one of its most dangerous episodes. October 22, U.S. President John F. Kennedy in address to the nation said that Cuba is a Soviet nuclear weapon, so decided to immediately block island naval forces of the USA. In addition, the States placed missiles with nuclear warheads in Turkey, Italy and the United Kingdom, the area of which was Moscow. The USSR, to prevent the invasion of U.S. troops to Cuba and to give the response of the us has transferred ballistic and cruise missiles with nuclear warheads.

The relationship was increasingly tense, the tension has reached its peak when, on 27 October over Cuba was shot down American spy plane U2. U.S. strategic forces were transferred to the state prior to maximum combat readiness. The state of maximum combat readiness were separated with just a couple of minutes. The world stood speechless, humanity was on the verge of nuclear war. However, the threat of mutual destruction with nuclear weapons has forced the parties to the conflict to negotiate, and the situation was resolved through diplomatic negotiations. The USSR removed the missiles from Cuba, while the States – from Turkey and Italy. In addition, the U.S. agreed to provide assurances that their troops will not invade the island.

“To undermine American dominance”

That Moscow’s diplomatic and economic presence in several Caribbean countries are stronger than ever since the end of the cold war, wrote and FTimes. The publication acknowledged that the interest of Russia in the Caribbean occurs in a much smaller scale than China, but Russia’s presence irritates Washington. Some officials in the US administration and the Congress see this as an attempt by President Putin to undermine American dominance and to challenge Western influence in the hemisphere.

The publication recalled that in February 2014, the Russian defence Minister, General Sergei Shoigu visited Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela. Deputy defense Minister of Russia said that Moscow cooperates with a number of Latin American countries to establish logistical bases on their territory to support the Russian naval fleet, including its maintenance. “Most likely, there are countries and to support VKS Russia”, – said portal. According to the journalists edition, “the creation of such facilities in Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela reflects the desire of Russia to establish itself again as a world power, and this will mean over time that the United States will need to consider the strategic implications”.

Earlier, the Russian Ambassador to Guyana Nikolay Smirnov said that Moscow is ready to help the Caribbean explore for useful resources on the continental shelf in this region by providing state support with specific projects related to the study of the Caribbean, reminded FTimes. Moreover, a leading global aluminium producer RUSAL already has a controlling stake in bauxite company of Guyana $25 million investment in bauxite mining in the area of Kurobuta and licences covering the two other region, where there are deposits of bauxite. The same company also increases investment in bauxite mining in Jamaica, the newspaper notes.

In addition, Russia hopes to increase trade with Caribbean countries, is making efforts in terms of growth of tourism, however it is hampered by sanctions for the reunification of the Crimea and the subsequent difficulties in transfer of money, a sharp fall in the value of the ruble and General economic uncertainty, and indicated the portal.

“Meanwhile, there has been a dramatic improvement in Russia’s relations with Cuba at a time when she spends discharge in relations with the US,” stressed FTimes. The presidents of Putin and Castro has expressed regret that relations between the countries have cooled in the 1990s, and supported their development. In 2014, Putin signed 10 bilateral economic and trade agreements, confirmed Russia’s decision to forgive Cuba more than $ 35 billion of Cuba’s debt to the former USSR and announced the interest in new investments in the energy sector, and plans for cooperation in other areas, including international information security, energy production and exploration of offshore oil. In particular, the Russian state company “Rosneft” intends to explore possible oil deposits off the North coast of Cuba.

All this “shows that political, economic and military support of Russia to the countries of the Caribbean region are gradually changing historically in the dominance of North America”, summed up the edition.

Previously allied commander of NATO in Europe, American General Philip Breedlove stated that Russia is an enemy of the United States and represents a long-term threat to the interests of the United States. Similar statements are made and the head of the Pentagon Ashton Carter, the presidential candidate of the USA Bernie Sanders and other politicians of the United States.

Moscow had previously stated that the US sanctions have unleashed the aggression against Russia and carry out large-scale Russophobic propaganda around the world, trying to deflect responsibility for the support of an armed coup in Ukraine and the bloody war in the Donbass. The Minister of foreign Affairs of Russia Sergey Lavrov stressed that NATO and several European countries blows the myth of “Russian threat”.

A sharp increase in anti-Russian statements by American commanders, according to experts, may say that in this way they want to improve the funding of his Department, noted the newspaper VIEW.

“Great fiction”

Based on what the US hysterics about the alleged presence of Russia in the Caribbean region and in General in Latin America, it is hard to say. “Russia, unlike the US, there are no military bases in the region,” said in an interview with the newspaper VIEW military expert, chief editor of the magazine “Arsenal Fatherland” Victor murakhovski. He noted that Russia carries out military-technical cooperation with many countries of the region, particularly with Venezuela, Cuba, Nicaragua and some others. Periodically in the region come the ships of our Navy, sometimes there are the flights of our strategic aviation in the USA in Guantanamo Bay in Cuba is a naval base, and one of the largest American bases around the world. “To say that we’re getting into some threatening activities, is a big fantasy,” he said. He recalled that the United States traditionally do a support on military force. “We, unlike the US, any aggressive actions taken there is not” – said the expert.

Grytsenko stressed that “the U.S. used to be considered the Caribbean and Latin America as its backyard, but now the situation is changing, primarily because of the independent policies of many Latin American and Caribbean States. The US doesn’t like it,” said Grytsenko. He explained that, in addition to the same of Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba, more or less independent policy of Peru and even Brazil, which, unlike earlier times, now quite independent from the US, including in the military field.

He recalled that the United States, including President Obama, has already declared Russia’s main military threat, and this is recorded in their national military doctrine. Thus, “they’re just trying to confront Russia all over the world, including in the region, which they had long considered as their own backyard”, he concluded.

“Financing and military psychology impressionable people”

“The US considers a zone of its interests the whole world, and Latin America – nearest patrimony. In recent years their position has significantly weakened, and the US is, of course, worried,” – said the newspaper VIEW, Professor of the Academy of military Sciences, senior researcher of political research Center Vadim Kozyulin.

At the same time, Russia is developing cooperation with a number of Latin American States: our country is supplying weapons there, trying to coordinate pricing policy with States that produce oil, restores relations with Cuba. Russia also cooperates with Peru, Brazil, Nicaragua. “We supply weapons there, and there, where we do not ship, “Rosoboronexport” actively offers. The supply of arms associated with the political, economic projects, cooperation is expanding and beyond the scope of military cooperation”, – said the source.

“It gives some reasons for the generals. And they people are impressionable and like to see threats where none exist”, – said the expert. In his opinion, “one should not consider such statements as a turn in U.S. foreign policy”. “It’s just military psychology, especially considering the fact that the more threats, the more funding of military programs. Usually they talk about Russian and other threats when this funding must be increased”, – concluded the expert.

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