Plans for the legalization of so-called private military companies military begin to incarnate – in the state Duma the corresponding bill. The creation of such units are stopped by the criminal code, but changing the legislation, according to supporters of the PMC, will bring not only a lot of money to Russian companies, but also political benefits to the state.
With an initiative to adopt a bill that would legalize private military companies – that is, essentially, a mercenary, was made by the Deputy from party “Fair Russia” Gennady Nosovka. According to him, legalization of the already de facto existing private military companies not only make this business transparent, but also bring large revenue to the state.
Up to the present time, the legal development of private military companies (PMCs) in Russia was hampered by article 359, Chapter 34, article 208 of the Criminal code, referred to as “Mercenaries”, and the establishment of an armed unit not envisaged by Federal law, as well as the leadership of such a formation or its financing, was considered a crime.
“The PMC is a global trend that brings trillionth incomes, – said the newspaper view Director of the Centre for strategic trends studies, co-author of the book “the Evolution of private military companies” Ivan Konovalov. – PMC only de facto, are called private companies. In fact, PMCs are pursuing the same goals as that of the regular army. Their leadership, the public services are doing. In the U.S., the Department of state. In Britain the Ministry of foreign Affairs. Spain – the Ministry of labor. The main customers are the government agencies”.
According to Konovalov, the world-renowned American Blackwater (now Xe Services LLC) before the war in Iraq earned about a million dollars a year, and after the conclusion of state contracts its annual turnover was about a billion. There are companies in Russia, with the only clarification – they are understandably abroad. Such companies as “Feraks”, “RSB Group”, “Tiger Top Rent Security”, “Redoubt of terror”, “anti-terror eagle”, worked in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kurdistan, Sri Lanka and in other difficult regions, has established itself as a highly professional military units.
The creation of the Russian PMC is also a response to contemporary challenges to the security of the state. The group of 30-50 well-trained fighters, penetrated into the Russian territory under the guise of tourists, are able to inflict a lot of harm. To counteract a standing army may not be able – but it can do the same PMC who use similar tactics and techniques of warfare.On this topic
security, U.S. foreign policy, army, private military companies
“Revolutions today are not NGOs, namely the PMC – said Konovalov. – Today in this market almost all contracts come from the state Department, the CIA and the U.S. army, as well as from international organizations and transnational corporations. The Chinese, given the trends of development of modern threats, formed their Chinese PMCs as non-state tool of geopolitics and protect their interests informal means. For example, in the Sudan fields that belong Chinese companies, protects PMC – group of 40 thousand people, dressed in military uniforms, but without insignias. And formally it turns out that the Chinese army in the Sudan is not, and it’s there.”
State Duma deputies hope that by legalising the Russian mercenaries, the state will be able to actively involve them in the decision of the whole group of issues: the protection of state institutions, escort convoys and cargo, training of the personnel of the security forces – both its own and foreign States. The latter, incidentally, will direct the “Russian advisers” in any state in the world regardless of political conjuncture. The draft stipulates that private military companies may not engage in the overthrow of governments, to sell weapons to undermine the territorial integrity or capture the territory of a foreign state.
As noted by the Chairman of the faction of socialist revolutionary Mikhail Emelyanov, a document was prepared on the basis of international experience, primarily the United States, where such companies operate successfully. “Not only do they make billions of dollars, but also actively manifested at the geopolitical level, they are lit up in the middle East, we are now their representatives have seen in Ukraine”, – said the MP.
In the case of Russia, believes Ivan Konovalov, the legalization of PMCs will solve several problems at once. The first is economic. Today private military or security company is a formal business structure. Many of them have large head offices, and there is the refined “white collar”. Accounting, extensive reporting, quarterly planning, promotions. However, the money they still make on the work of its teams in war zones. These patterns work only with governments and large corporations, primarily in the energy and mining complexes. In international peacekeeping operations PMCs equal along with the regular army or other power structures. They work in the public interest, pursue the same goals and follow the same plans as that of the regular troops, although they have greater freedom in choosing the means,” says Konovalov.
PMCs is an important tool to promote economic interests on the external market. Many Russian companies working abroad. For example, in Iraq – LUKOIL, “Gazprom oil” and “Renova”. In Algeria, Surgutneftegaz and Rosneft. There is interest from our companies in Afghanistan, the Sudan. PMCs could take on security personnel to perform logistics operations. The second component – social, as in the PMC could get still relatively young, capable and trained officers of the armed forces, sent to the reserve.
The use of “private military force” in contemporary armed conflicts is becoming more widespread. So, according to the military expert, major-General in the resignation of Sergei Kanchukova in the early 90-ies of the 50 military personnel had only one “a private trader”. Today the ratio has changed to 10:1. For example, in Afghanistan and Iraq, there are several hundred private military and security companies, which are equal subject along with the armed forces. Only in Afghanistan there are about 140 thousand troops – and there are 120 thousand representatives of private military companies and 40 thousand employees of private security companies that not only serve, but also “provide many things, some of them not very well to do by governmental agencies,” says Kanukov.
The editor of the magazine “national defense” Igor Korotchenko expressed the views of the opinion that legalization and the existence of PMCs in Russia should be under strict state control.Popular materials
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“All this must be hard to prescribe in the law, and need strict selection, licensing and coordination of all power structures – the Ministry of defence, SVR, FSB, FSO, MVD – as major stakeholders in such activities was clear and understandable, – says korochenko. – There should be no repeating history with the PSCs, when all and Sundry were able to make them.”
In submitted to the state Duma the bill Gennadiy Nosovka proposed to make the oversight of PMCs in the FSB. Ivan Konovalov sees this as a weak point of the bill.
“The main advantage of the PMC – mobility, – he explains. Unlike regular armies, they are not bound by international law, can be airlifted and deployed anywhere in the world in the shortest possible time, so as not lugging a “baggage train” of equipment and other material resources, without which it is impossible fully to fighting. The control of all the FSB it can bury due to the nature of the organization.”
According to Konovalova, the responsibility for the PMC need to impose on the Ministry of defense, specifically in the international Department this Department, headed by a career diplomat, Deputy defense Minister Anatoly Antonov. The point is that the defense today not only has the military resources (weapons, equipment), but also de facto is responsible for providing military-technical support to the allies of Russia.