An international group of researchers came to the conclusion that the feeling of shame arose in the course of evolution as the mechanism providing the survival of the group. The results can be found in the journal PNAS, and briefly about it reports the RNS.
To test the hypothesis, researchers conducted a cross-cultural study, which was attended by 900 people from the U.S., India and Israel. Participants were asked to describe their feelings in several imaginary situations in which their behaviour would have led to condemnation from others. These forms of behaviour, in particular, have been associated with greed, infidelity, physical weakness. The first group was responsible, what feelings they will experience to the person demonstrating these qualities, participants in the second group described feelings of shame and the intensity that they feel, being the owners listed negative qualities.
“We found a surprisingly strong correlation between negative reaction to people who behave in the suggested manner, and a sense of shame in people who imagined that they commit these actions,” — noted the authors of the study.
Scientists emphasize that judgmental reaction and the feeling of shame can vary in different communities. However, researchers have discovered several “universal” negative traits that cause shame. These include greed, lack of ambition and infidelity. In the USA, India and Israel, the survey results concerning these traits, largely coincided.