The Syrian opposition threatening to disrupt agreed upon by the presidents of Russia and the States of the truce, as many of its cells are cooperating with terrorists, in particular with the “dzhebhat EN-Nusra”. Another risk factor is Turkey, which may use the situation to strengthen her loyal fighters. In this respect Moscow and Washington have a huge joint effort.
The Syrian opposition reiterated the causes that threaten, in its opinion, the implementation of the ceasefire, according to Reuters. Representatives of the “Syrian free army” expressed dissatisfaction with the fact that the truce does not apply to the IG, “dzhebhat EN-Nusra and other terrorist organizations identified by the UN security Council”. Since the positions of the “Syrian free army” and other opposition often go along with the positions of militants and to define exactly the limits of both, the opposition is afraid to fall into the sight of the Russian BKC and the government forces of Assad. “If that happens, the truce is broken”, – emphasized in the PAS.
“No clear boundaries between “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and groups that call themselves moderate opposition, but actually act as allies “dzhebhat EN-Nusra”
It also recalled the agreement provided for “reasonable use of force (that is, to the extent necessary to protect) in self-defense”, which, apparently, they can apply in case of doubt whether a truce.
In turn, the opposition Syrian Supreme Committee for negotiations, supported by Saudi Arabia, has also stated that he would support the agreement on a ceasefire, but under conditions of lifting the siege on Syrian cities, the release of prisoners, an end to the bombing of civilians and delivery of humanitarian assistance. Earlier, the opposition insisted on the cessation of the operation of Russian HQs.
The Syrian government, by contrast, agreed with the proposed Russia and the United States a truce in the country. The fight against terrorist groups ISIL, “dzhebhat EN-Nusra” and other militants must continue, says the statement of the Syrian leadership.
“A real chance to stop the bloodshed”
Recall, Russia and the United States adopted the agreement on Syria, which proposed to declare a truce from February 27. The parties to the conflict should be informed about the acceptance of the terms of cessation of hostilities “not later than 12.00 (Damascus time) on February 26”. The two powers “… ready to work together to exchange information” to develop “mechanisms to prevent attacks on the parties involved in the cessation of hostilities”. This also applies to Moscow, and Washington, and Damascus, and the opposition. The main goal is “defining the boundaries of areas which are” involved in the ceasefire. For each of them “in order to ensure effective communication” the appointed coordinators. Also during the joint work it is planned to determine the boundaries of the territories controlled by the terrorists against them, military action will continue.
The course of military operations in Serviceengineering work will be the Task force of the International support group Syria (MGPS) ceasefire co-chaired by Russia and the United States. Its Secretariat will be the office of the special envoy of the UN Secretary General on Syria. It is the task force either party can report the violation or potential violation of the cessation of hostilities. Once we establish a truce, Russia and the US will also establish a hot line communications and, if necessary, the working group on exchange of information.
The ceasefire, in addition to the rejection of acquisition of territory and strikes at the enemy, also includes humanitarian access to occupied territories.
“I am convinced that the American party agreed with the joint action can radically expand the crisis in Syria. Finally appeared a real chance to put an end to years of bloodshed and violence,” – said in a special statement President Vladimir Putin. He recalled that “unilateral, without UN sanction, the actions in favor of short-term political or economic interests have led to dramatic results, and these examples at all on hearing: Somalia, Iraq, Libya, Yemen”. According to Putin, “against this background, the Russian-American agreements, joint implementation in coordination with all member countries of the International support group Syria can become the example.”
The agreement of Russia and USA on Syria are “clearly designed document… a Decisive step forward was done, and I’m very happy,” said in turn Minister of foreign Affairs of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier. Agreement on a ceasefire welcomed and China.