A group of researchers representing University College London and free University of Brussels, found that the person who makes someone’s instructions, does not feel personal responsibility for their own actions. Scientists have learned this by examining how a person, acting not on his own initiative, changed the perception of time.
It is considered that the phrase “I was only following orders” is pronounced with the purpose to avoid punishment or moral condemnation, and is often cunning. However, a new study shows that following the order, the person does not feel responsible for their actions. To test this hypothesis, scientists conducted a study, somewhat reminiscent of the famous Milgram experiment.
In the experiment, two participants received a small sum of money, and every one of them may press the button to get part of the amount sitting in front of the person. This was followed by another experiment in which pressing one of the participants not only deprived of the second money, but also made him experience a small electric shock. The strength of the electric shock selected for each person individually so that slightly exceed the pain threshold — so serious suffering of the participants each other is not delivered, but some discomfort cause can.
The key feature of the experiments was that for each button press was followed by a beep, and NAVSEA had to say, what, in his view, the elapsed time between clicking and a beep. As it turned out, those who pressed the button is not on its own initiative, and at the command of the researcher, more often and to a greater extent overestimated the duration of this period of time.
In the past psychologists have found out that for a person who feels that he has no control over the situation, time, in his own feelings, flows more slowly. Taking this into account, the researchers concluded that a person who performs other people’s instructions, sincerely believes that it does not affect the situation, we are not responsible for the actions of personal responsibility.
A study published in the journal Current Biology.
The Milgram experiment, which formed the basis of many subsequent psychological research that was first described in 1963 by psychologist Stanley Milgram from Yale University. During the experiment people were on the team the researcher had to press the button, after which, in their opinion, another participant received electric charge (actually, the second participant was akterom). The charge, under the terms of the experiment, each time increased, the majority of participants under the influence of the “authority head” continued to increase the strength of the charge even when it might threaten human life, these charges are treated.